In my composition I would like to write about Russian people. Russia is a very rich country. It is rich in forests and mountains, rivers and lakes. There are many important cities, factories and industrial plants all over the country. There are a lot of wonders in Russia. But it is true to say that Russia is most famous for its people.
Whoever comes to Russia always finds wonderful people who live in different cities, settlements and villages.
Russian people are talented. We can name many of those who are well-known all over the world.
In America and Australia, in Europe and Asia, people read novels by Anton Chekhov, Leo Tolstoy, Feodor Dostoevsky. You can see plays by Chekhov in New York and Paris, in London and Delhi. People on many different
Continents listen to beautiful music by Peter Tchaikovsky and Michael Glinka.
Practically everybody who comes to Russia says that Russian songs, though they are often sad, are very beautiful. Though people don`t understand the words, they can listen to the sounds and melodies of Russian songs for hours.
Russian people have made many discoveries in different fields of science and industry, medicine and culture. People all over the world know the names of Yuri Gagarin (the 1st Russian cosmonaut) and other Russian cosmonauts, as well as the name of Sergei Korolyov.
Russia has many brilliant pilots and workers, teachers and dancers, engineers and doctors. In fact there are excellent specialists in every field.
When foreign guests leave Russia they usually say different
Words about the country. Some of them like it, others do not. They often criticize many things in Russia. But practically everybody says that Russian people are wonderful. They are open, kind and very hospitable.
Let`s hope that our new life won`t change the heart and soul of our people.
On April 12 every year the Russian people celebrate Cosmonautics Day in commemoration of the first space flight in the world which was made by Russian citizen. Here are three main dates in the history of space exploration. October 4 in 1957 the Soviet Union sends the first sputnik in the world into space. April 12 in 1961 the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin goes into space and makes one orbit round the Earth in his spaceship Vostok-1. July 21 in 1969 the American astronauts Armstrong and Alidrin land on the Moon. Since Yuri Gagarin`s flight, Russian space science and engineering have come a long way. According to space experts in the US and Europe Russian takes the lead in almost all space exploration. Russian has launched more than 2300 space vehicles designed to perform a variety of functions. Unmanned satellites have been of great significance in the exploration and peaceful use of outer space. They help us learn more about the relations between processes occurring on the sun and near the earth and study the structure of the upper atmosphere. These satellites are provided with scientific equipment for space navigation of civil aviation and ship, as well as exploration of the World Ocean, the earth`s surface and it`s natural resources. Russia is known to carry out many orbital manned flights involving over 80 cosmonauts, many of them having flown several times. It is well known that Russian cosmonauts hold the record for the longest time in space (L. Kizim has worked 375 days) and for continuous stay in space (V. Titov and M. Manarov – 365 days). When the 170 million horse power carrier-rocket called Energia was successfully tasted in 1987, Russian has gone far ahead of the United States in the space competition. With the new Energia rocket it`s possible to put into orbit a 100 ton load (One must know that the first satellite carried 83.6 kg). That is enough to put into orbit components for a space station which could be a platform for a manned flight to Mars. Russian experts believe Energia to be able to take explorers to the Moon or bring back to the Earth satellites that went out of operation. In principle this makes it possible to build in orbit large complexes from separate units not tens of meters but kilometers across. Cosmonauts would live there permanently. And from these structures may be flights to other planets.
Almost every nation and country has a reputation of some kind. The Englishmen are reputed to be cold, reserved, rather naughty easy-going and fond of sport. They are the nation of stay-at-homes. There is no place like home , they say. The English man`s home is his castle is a saying known all over the world. They prefer a small house built for one family, with a small garden are a fire in the centre of the house. They like animals very much and follow the traditions concerning food and meals. We know much about English traditions and customs but now I`d like to say a few words about the traditions of my native land-Russia. First, about Russian people. To my mind, the main traits of their characters which differ them from other people are hospitality, their open heart , golden hands ,
Wise Russian fairytales reflect this wisdom. Our people are hardworking, patient, never loosing hope for better life. The Russians are the talented nation. Russia gave the world beautiful names of Pushkin and Lermontov, Chaikovsky and Repin, thousands of names of world famous poets, writers, composers, scientists. All of them are the pride of the nation because they sand the beauty of our nature and people.