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Финансирование музеев: нужно ли оно? – Museum Fundings: do we need them?

24.04.2011

Since the Internet has become widely available, public interest to museums ans galleries has fallen significantly. However, the UK government continue spending huge sums of money on cultural attractions instead of sublidising more important things.


Some experts believe that visual and performing arts have become minority interests by now, and they insist on the opinion that people who enjoy these cultural attractions should pay for them. However, if they supported museums and galleries themselves, the ticket prices would increase dramatically. As a result, few tourists and museums amators would attend galleries and, сщтыкйгутеднб less investments would appear. As a result, ther wouldn`t be enough to keep exhibits in appropriate conditions, so some of them might be destroyed and lost forever. And what about children, who don`t earn any money to support culturу but need museums badly to explore world history and culture?


On the other hand, the government should spend similar sums of money on other important things. But what are they? What can be more important than culture? Health care facilities, education and social programs are sublidised even better than culture. Bu if the government decided to spend half of the investments on education, for instanse, theoretical knowledge wouldn`t be suppoted with practical one. As a result, there would be a great disbalance in various sciences and subjects. Consequently, the general level of education woulв be lower., as knowledge wouldn`t be supported by practical experience anв cultural haritage. And what about people who work in cultural field and who may be made redundant because of the decline of financial support?


So, we have seen that cultural attractions are vitally importantfor both country prosperity and citizrns` educational level. That`s why local authorities should support museums and galleries but probably the investments should be slightly reduced.


London is very rich in museums and art galleries. If you are fond of painting you`ll go to the Tate Gallery. A rich sugar manufacturer Henry Tate founded it in 1897. There are about 300 oils and 19000 watercolours and drawings. There are many works by the English painter William Turner there. Most of his paintings are connected with the sea theme. There are a lot of paintings by the 16-th century English artists and paintings by foreign artists of the 19-20-th centuries. There are some paintings by impressionists there. You can see works by modern painters: Pablo Picasso among them. There are many interesting sculptures there. Henry Moor`s can be seen there. He was a famous British sculptor. The National Gallery is one of the most important picture galleries in the world. The Tate Gallery


Is the most necessary compliment to the National Gallery as it contains contemporary works particularly by English and French masters. The British Museum is the largest and richest of its kind in the world. It comprises the national museum of archaeology and ethnography and the national library. The present building was built in 1852. By law a copy of every book, periodical and newspaper, published in Britain must be presented in the British museum. It contains books and manuscripts: Greek, Roman, British and Oriental antiques. It has a department of Ethnography. This collection is so vast that only a very small percentage of it is on show to the public. There`s also a department of prints and drawings. There`re departments devoted to maps, coins, medals and philately. Those who come to


The British museum can see a fascinating array of clocks and watches. Cultural life of London would be impossible without the Royal Albert hall, the Royal Festival hall, the National theatre and a great number of museums: the Victoria and Albert museum, the Geological Museum, the Museum of Mankind, Natural history museum and others.



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