For decades Moscow has had a reputation as a city of theatres. The birth plays of the historic “Bolshoy”, “Maly” and “Moscow Art” theatres the city has been and steel is a centre for the development exploretary modern ideas in the dramatic art and is famous for it’s great number of highlygifted, interesting directors, actors, playwrigts and artists.
Every evening the doors of Moscow theatres open to streams of theatre-gowers. The best Moscow theatres devoded themselves to developing the principals of directing and acting laid down by Stanislavsky, Meerhold, Nemerovich-Danchenko, Vachtangov and others. The discoveries and successes of Moscow theatres today exists due to experience and triumphs of preceding generations.
I’d like to tell you about the Bolshoy Theatre. The magestic building of the Bolshoy Theatre stands in Theatre Square in Moscow’s central quater, not far from Kremlin. This is the leading Russian opera house with the best vocalists and choreographers in it’s company.
The Bolshoi traces it’s history to 1776 when a standing opera company was organized in Moscow. The first opera shown in Bolshoi theatre was opera “life of tsar” (now “Ivan Susanin”). At later times operas by Dargomyzhsky, Serov, Tcaikovsky, Borodin, Moussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov and Rubinstein were produced here.
At the same time the Bolshoi company staged the best operas and ballets by West European composers-Mozart, Rossini, Weber, Verdi and others.
The bolshoi ballet company enjoys well-deserved fame as the world’s finest. This is equally true of it’s brilliant realistic style of perfomance and repertoire.
Speaking about art gallereys of Moscow we must mention the most famous gallereys.
The State Tretyakov gallery is one of the best known picture gallereys in Russia. It takes it’s name from it’s founder Pavel Tretyakov, a Moscow mercant. In the 19′th century Tretyakov began to collect russian paintings. He visitet all the exibitions and art studios and bought the best pictures. Little by little Tretyakov extended his interests and began to collect earlier Russian paintings. In 1881 Tretyakov opened in St. Peterburg his collection to the public, 11 years later he donated it to the city of Moscow. Since then the gallerey has received hundred paintings from other museums and private collections. The Tretyakov gallerey reflects the whole history of Russian paintings from 11′th century to the present day. The gallery contains such halls devon-ded to the works of 18′th century painters, as Рокотов, Левитский, Боровиковский. The first half of the 19′th century is reprisentive by brilliant paintings by Брюллов, Веницианов and others. The gallery has the best collection of “передвиженники” , such as Кромской, Перов, and such
great names as Суриков, Репин, Вознецов, Левитан.
Also I’d like to tell you about state pushkin museum of fine art. The building was built in Greek stile by Roman Klein in 1898 – 1912 to house a museum of fine art, founded of initiative of professor Ivan Cvetayev. Since 1937 it has be known as The Puskin museum of fine art. It has one of the worlds largest ancient collections of european art. Now the picture gallerey has over 2 thousands works of various schools of painting which enaibous us to understand and appreciate the variaty of staills over the centuries.
The Pushkin museum pereodically hald’s exibition of the art of various countries and of individual outstanding artist of past and present.